MS (Ophthalmology)- Stands for Master of Surgery in Ophthalmology. Typically, MS (Ophthalmology) is a three year course, minimum eligibility for which is an M.B.B.S. with minimum one year internship. Ophthalmology is a division of science that concentrates on anatomy, diseases and physiology of eye. Subjects studied under this degree are orbital and ocular anatomy, Gross anatomy, Histology, Ocular Physiology, Ocular Pathology, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology with reference to ocular immunology.